Los siguientes articulos
fueron publicaxdos en The
International Information & Library Review, Volume 32,
Sept/Dec. 2000 como respuesta a mi conferencia inaugural en EEI21
Ethics of Electronic Information in the 21st Century Symposium,
2000): "Ethical Challenges of
the Information Society in the 21st Century"
Thomas J. Froehlich: Rafael
Capurro and the Challenge of Information Ethics (277-282)
"Media conglomerates and
church in earlier times were at the top of a hierarchy that distributed
messages to the masses. In the networked society, such a hierarchy
challenged and may be radically displaced by dialogical media, each
be creator, producer, distributor and receiver of messages. Rather than
pyramidal structure for the distribution of media, a horizontal one has
emerged, thanks to the Internet. And for this reason, Professor Capurro
advocates a new science of angeletics, not derived from some supposed
incorporeal beings, but whose roots are related to the messages
Greek) that were conveyed between gods and men (by the poets or god of
messages, Hermes, from which hermeneutics is derived).
Professor Capurro's use
angeletics embraces a decidedly secular meaning. Martha Montague Smith,
response to Professor Capurro's paper, embellishes on the theme of the
of angeletics, seeing it a historically grounded and a unifying the
disciplines. For Capurro, it could act as a productive way for seeing
discourse(s) of the information society, not only with regard to the
kinds of messages (sociological, esthetic) that are deployed in
also with respect to power elites, information moralities and ethical
discourses derived from the message practices of the information
Martha M. Smith: A
Prologue to Angeletics: A Response to Rafael Capurro and Suggestions
Research Agenda (283-289)
"As the science of
messengers, Angeletics has much appeal. As a term, Angeletics may sound
invitation to study angels and the divine real, a theological endeavor.
not Capurro's intention. Rather, he seeks to focus attention not on the
butr on the human and the approaches that the human sciences, the
sciences, might bring to phenomena of message making and message
interest is to find unifying ways to understand information and its
human life and global society.
Exploring the cultural
roots in relation to current issues, Capurro
there is help to be found in the study of the message.
is the relationship between the
message and the messenger?
- Is the
meaning in the medium of the
content and form separate?
form and content be separated in
order to understand how knowledge is created, transmitted, and used?
is the relationship between
hermeneutics and Angeletics? Could hermeneutics be said to dealwith the
interpretation of the message or messenger in the aftermath of delivery
prior to another transmission?
are the practices of message
creation, dissemination, storage, retrieval, evaluation, and
do these practices shape the interfacing activity?
are the messengers in these
practices? What are the technologies of messenger practice?
Capurro's insights and
he raises offer a rich agenda for further research.
For example, Angeletics
can cast new light on the collected wisdom of
academic disciplines, from established fields of study such as:
- World History as Message,
and Literature -
Etymological Roots of the term Message in All Languages; Message
Literary Genres, Reader Response Criticism and Message Reception;
Music, Dance, Film - Messengers
Chemistry and Biology - DNA
- Robot Messengers;
Science, Economics - The Social, Psychological, etc. Aspects of
The new understanding
gained can be
used to build the conceptual foundations of Angeletics. There are
to the agenda of social epistemology as described in 1967 by Jesse
(Shera, J. (1967): The sociological foundations of librarianship.
Ranganathan lectures, 3. New York. Asia Publishing House) and by Steve
in 1988 (Fuller, S. (1988): Social epistemology, Bloomington. Indiana
University Press.), both of whom see the structures and uses of
knowledge transmission a keys to understanding social institutions and
While shifting away from
a preocupation with the term "information",
with all its problematic conceptual ambiguities, Angeletics probes the
of another etymological river and its tributaries. Angeletics also
moves in the
direction of studying the processes of message transfer, at the
well as before and after. It heightens the role of the transaction, the
mediation - the interface, and the mediator - human, print, electronic,
cyberspatial/cyberspacial, bricks and mortal. Angeletics does not
definition and the value of asking ontological, epistemological, and
questions. The nature of the message and its goal or purpose are
To go in the direction of
critical theory, other questions might arise.
interests do they represent?
determines the content and the
delivery form of the messages?
receives which messages?
receives messages first? Last?
any receivers excluded?
To stretch a bit beyond
the present discussion into potential uses for
Angeletics in knowledge organization and management. Could it be that
agenda for Angeletics might be expanded into specific domain areas,
from academic, professional, and popular discourse communities and
practices of knowledge creation. Are the styles, methods, practices and
domains sufficiently different to justify analysis? To plat common
patterns as well as disticntive characteristics? Could this be another
to building controlled vocabularies for information retrieval and
portals to serve particular user communities on the Web? For example,
there be American studies angeletics? Business angeletics? Engineering
angeletics? Environmental angeletics? Medical angeletics? Historial
Biblical angeletics? Medieval angeletics? If the goal of abstract
analysis is to provide a unifying foundation for life in the real
angeletics analysis may be the key. We are all creatures of messages
messengers ourselves. How can we unite to understand each other and
separate to preserve identity, unique communities, and accomplish the
contribution by suggesting Angeletics as a new field of
study challenges scholars to think of other historical and
streams that may converge into a better broading understanding for
the art of living as Digital Cosmopolitans. While specific etymological
traditions can enlighten research, they also should not constrain
enquiry. Angeletics, tempting us to explore messengers and messages in
realms of art and imagination, may open our eyes to images, sound, and
experiences as well as in our electronic and print texts. Where this
is the next challenge." (283-289)
Willard McCarthy, Centre for
Computing in the Humanities, King's College
Discussion Group, vol. 17, 469: "information"
Tadashi Takenouchi, Leslie M. Tkach Kawasaki, Toshikazu Iitaka: On Hermeneutics, Angeletics,
Information Technology: Questions and Tentative Answers
Tadashi Takenouchi: The
Hermeneutic Information Science (Ph.D.)
Siehe auch ders.: Hermeneutic Information Studies of Rafael Capurro.
the Information Society and the Development of 'Angeletics'. In: SHISO, 2003,
Angelica Walser: Infocalypse now.
Gefährlich und erotisch zugleich ist das Internet. Betrachtungen des
Capurro über ein antikes Liebespaar im neuen Medium. In: Die
Nr. 33, 14. August 2003, p. 17.
Hans H. Diebner: Operational
Hermeneutics and Communication. In: Hans H. Diebner, Lehan Ramsay
Hierarchies of Communication. ZKM / Center for Art and Media, Karlsruhe
"In this paper we make
cautious steps towards a cybernetics model for a system of coupled
i.e., a communication system, and the gain of knowledge. Each agent
per-/re-ceives 'messages'  from the environment / medium (15),
latter as well as the agents' own actions and locomotion, are to be
under consideration of the given constraints. In other words, we
model of how brains model the world and compute strategies
Terry Winograd and
Fernando Flores pointed in a convincing way towards
connection between computer science and hermeneutics . In the
develop on their work bridging the gap between cybernetics and
(Fig. 1). Our hermeneutic stance has also been fruitfully influenced by
works of Ichiro Tsuda, Peter Erdi, and Rafael Capurro [9, 10]
We feel certain, that the
art of interpretation, specifically the
circle' manifests itself also in the methodology of sciences with the
inference principle as a prominent representative. The hermeneutic
describes the evolution of knowledge by anticipating the whole,
the part, therewith re-think the whole and so on. Likewise, the
inference principle and other so-called boots-trapping methods are
so as update given knowledge" (31-32)
(15) Terry Winograd and Fernando
prefer to use the term medium
to emphasize the fact that the brain and the environment in which it is
embeded are not strictly separable due to Maturana's autopoiesis.
Rafael Capurro, Angeletics. This issue.
 Terry Winograd and Fernando Flores, Understanding Computers and Cognition - A
New Foundation for Design. Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 14th edition, 1999.
Peter Érdy and Ichiro Tsuda. Hermeneutic approach tothe brain:
process versus device? Theoria et
Historia Scientiarum, VI: 307- 321, 2002.
Capurro and B. Hjørland. The concept of
information. In B. Cronin, editor, Annual Review of Information Science and
Technology, volume 37, pages 343-411. Medford, New Jersey, 2003.
Takenouchi: Capurro's Hermeneutic Approach to Information
Ethics: Ethos in the
Information Society and the Development of "Angeletics". In: International Review of
Renato Fabiano Matheus: Rafael Capurro e a
filosofia da informação : abordagens, conceitos e
metodologias de pesquisa para a Ciência da
informação (Rafael Capurro and the philosophy of
information: approaches, concepts and research methodologies in
Information Science). In: Perspectivas em
informação, ISSN 1413-9936, 2005, vol. 10, No. 2,
140-165 (See also here).
Takenouchi: Capurro's Hermeneutic Approach to Information
Ethics: Ethos in the Information Society and the Development of
"Angeletics". In: International
Review of Information Ethics (IRIE)
Murilo Cardoso de Castro: Capurro's
hermeneutic approach to information ethics, Tadashi Takenouchi
Chaim Zins: Knowledge Map of
Information Science: Rafael Capurro's Responses to Chaim Zins
Lopes Ginez de Lara: Novas relações
Ciência da Informação na perspectiva de um conceito
contemporâneo da informação (The new relations between Terminology and Information
Science from the approach of a contemporary information concept). In: DataGramaZero 2006
Chaim Zins: Conceptions of
Information Science. In: Journal
of the American Society for
Information Science and Technology 58 (3), 335-350.
Beata Sirowy: Understanding
the Information Society: The Potentials of Phenomenological Approach.
Eckardt (Ed.): Media and Urban Space: understanding,
investigating and approaching mediacity, Berlin: Frank & Timme,
phenomenology is a philosophical current with a considerable tradition,
still proves its pertinence being in the center of interests of many
contemporary thinkers. The influence of phenomenology has not been as
wide-spread as post-structural thought, but what is important –
phenomenological hermeneutics is currently seen as one of possible
directions after postmodernism (Madison 1997 & Capurro 2003)." (Sirowy 2008, 49).
Capurro, R. (2003). On Hermeneutics, Angeletics, and Information
Techology. Questions and Tentative Answers. http://www.capurro.de/tsukuba.html
Madison, G.B.(1992). The Hermeneutics of Postmodernity and After. http://www.focusing.org/agm_papers/madison.html
Erich Hamberger, Kurt
Luger (Hrsg.): Transdisziplinäre
Kommunikation. Aktuelle Be-Deutungen des Phänomens Kommunikationim
fächerübergreifenden Dialog. Wien: Österreichischer
Kunst- und Kulturverlag 2008.
"Capurro setzt sich mit
dem Phänomen Kommunikation also aus dem Blickwinkel der
Übermittlung von Botschaften auseinander. Die Aktualität der
Themataik ergibt sich - wie erwähnt - schon allein aus dem
Umstand, dass wir in einer Kultur/Epoche leben, in der wie nie zuvor in
der Menschheitsgeschichte - insbesondere sseit dem rasanten Aufkommen
des Massenmediums Internet - Botschaften ausgetauscht werden. Was
jedoch offenkundig fehlt, ist eine relevante Theorie der Botschaft.
Capurro spürt also
der Frage nach, welchem (Botschafts-)Medium in welchem
geisteskulturellen Umfeld der Vorzug gegeben wird, aufgrund welcher
Argumente dies geschieht bzw. welche Konsequenzen dies jeweils für
Mitteilung, Information und Verstehen hat. Gerade dieser
geistesgeschichtliche Bogen spannt erst die Frage, welche Botschaft die
aktuelle Massen-Medien-Kultur darstellt bzw. welche Botschaft eine
"Geistesklimazone" wie die individualitätszentrierte Postmoderne
der westlichen Hemisphäre vermittelt, in der keinerlei
allgemeingültige Botschaften mehr als vermittelbar erachtet
werden." (S. 63-64)
F. J. Echeriu: Über
Archen (29. April
Symposium Von Boten und
Botschaften (ZKM, 2009)
Mohammad Khandan: What is angeletics? Persian translation by Mohammad Khandan. In: Science
Communication. The monthly journal ofIrandoc. Vol. 45,